The Fantasy Novelist’s Exam

The Fantasy Novelist’s Exam is a checklist of fantasy clichés that, according to the writers of the exam, all fantasy writers should be required to use. It’s obviously facetious, but it has a lot of good questions any fantasy writer should take into account when writing a fantasy novel, so I recommend at least reading through it.

I decided to put my NaNo novel, The Mad Voyage of Prince Malock, through it and I thought I’d share my answers here, just for fun:

1.Does nothing happen in the first fifty pages?

Let’s see . . . no. A character tries to commit suicide, two characters have sex, two characters get into a fight, and other characters are kidnapped by a tribe of savages. Hardly what I’d call ‘nothing.’

2.Is your main character a young farmhand with mysterious parentage?

No. He’s an old fisherman from a backwater island on the fringe of human civilization.

3.Is your main character the heir to the throne but doesn’t know it?

No. One of my main characters is the heir to the throne of his kingdom, but already knows it.

4.Is your story about a young character who comes of age, gains great power, and defeats the supreme badguy?

No. There’s not even a supreme bad guy, although they do run into a few unseemly fellows on their adventures.

5.Is your story about a quest for a magical artifact that will save the world?

No magical artifacts here, sorry.

6.How about one that will destroy it?


7.Does your story revolve around an ancient prophecy about “The One” who will save the world and everybody and all the forces of good?

No. That’d be boring.

8.Does your novel contain a character whose sole purpose is to show up at random plot points and dispense information?

No. Such a character is more of a plot device than a character, in my opinion, and so I would never seriously use a character like that in my novel (or in any of my stories, for that matter).

9.Does your novel contain a character that is really a god in disguise?


10.Is the evil supreme badguy secretly the father of your main character?

There is no evil supreme bad guy. Try again.

11.Is the king of your world a kindly king duped by an evil magician?

No kings, whether kindly or otherwise.

12.Does “a forgetful wizard” describe any of the characters in your novel?

Bifor is hardly what I’d call forgetful. He’s probably the smartest person on the ship.

13.How about “a powerful but slow and kind-hearted warrior”?


14.How about “a wise, mystical sage who refuses to give away plot details for his own personal, mysterious reasons”?

Uh, no? That would be stupid.

15.Do the female characters in your novel spend a lot of time worrying about how they look, especially when the male main character is around?

Why should they?

16.Do any of your female characters exist solely to be captured and rescued?

Hell no to the tenth power.

17.Do any of your female characters exist solely to embody feminist ideals?

Nope. Nothing against feminism. I just think a character should be more than their beliefs.

18.Would “a clumsy cooking wench more comfortable with a frying pan than a sword” aptly describe any of your female characters?


19.Would “a fearless warrioress more comfortable with a sword than a frying pan” aptly describe any of your female characters?


20.Is any character in your novel best described as “a dour dwarf”?

Dwarves don’t exist in my world, unless you’re using “dwarf” to describe an unusually short human being. So no.

21.How about “a half-elf torn between his human and elven heritage”?

No elves, sorry.

22.Did you make the elves and the dwarves great friends, just to be different?

See answers to 20 and 21.

23.Does everybody under four feet tall exist solely for comic relief?

No. That would be stupid.

24.Do you think that the only two uses for ships are fishing and piracy?

If I did, the plot of my novel couldn’t work. So no.

25.Do you not know when the hay baler was invented?

Why does it matter?

26.Did you draw a map for your novel which includes places named things like “The Blasted Lands” or “The Forest of Fear” or “The Desert of Desolation” or absolutely anything “of Doom”?

I hate drawing fantasy maps, so no. And I made sure to give most of the islands real names, so still no.

27.Does your novel contain a prologue that is impossible to understand until you’ve read the entire book, if even then?

Of course not.

28.Is this the first book in a planned trilogy?

It’s a standalone.

29.How about a quintet or a decalogue?

See 28.

30.Is your novel thicker than a New York City phone book?


31.Did absolutely nothing happen in the previous book you wrote, yet you figure you’re still many sequels away from finishing your “story”?

It’s a standalone. There are no previous books.

32.Are you writing prequels to your as-yet-unfinished series of books?

No prequels, either.

33.Is your name Robert Jordan and you lied like a dog to get this far?


34.Is your novel based on the adventures of your role-playing group?

I don’t have a role-playing group.

35.Does your novel contain characters transported from the real world to a fantasy realm?

No way. This world exists independently of ours. I don’t usually enjoy “people from Earth come to Fantasyland” kinds of stories anyway.

36.Do any of your main characters have apostrophes or dashes in their names?

I would have to turn in my author badge if I even considered doing that.

37.Do any of your main characters have names longer than three syllables?

I don’t think so, no.

38.Do you see nothing wrong with having two characters from the same small isolated village being named “Tim Umber” and “Belthusalanthalus al’Grinsok”?

I see plenty wrong with it and I avoid it in my stories.

39.Does your novel contain orcs, elves, dwarves, or halflings?

No, no, no, and of course not.

40.How about “orken” or “dwerrows”?

Let’s not be stupid here, okay?

41.Do you have a race prefixed by “half-“?

I can’t think of any reason a race — even one composed of, say, half-human/half-elf hybrids — would voluntarily use the “half-” prefix in their name, so no.

42.At any point in your novel, do the main characters take a shortcut through ancient dwarven mines?

Kind of hard to do on the high seas.

43.Do you write your battle scenes by playing them out in your favorite RPG?

Pull the other one.

44.Have you done up game statistics for all of your main characters in your favorite RPG?

Why would I ever do that?

45.Are you writing a work-for-hire for Wizards of the Coast?

Uh, no.

46.Do inns in your book exist solely so your main characters can have brawls?

No inns, so no.

47.Do you think you know how feudalism worked but really don’t?

I don’t understand feudalism, so no.

48.Do your characters spend an inordinate amount of time journeying from place to place?

Now this might actually apply to my novel, considering all the traveling involved. Really depends on how you definie “inordinate,” but they rarely take more than a few weeks to a month to get from island to island, which doesn’t seem at all inordinate to me when you take into account all the hazards ships face on the open seas.

49.Could one of your main characters tell the other characters something that would really help them in their quest but refuses to do so just so it won’t break the plot?

Of course not.

50.Do any of the magic users in your novel cast spells easily identifiable as “fireball” or “lightning bolt”?

One character did. I don’t think this means I have to throw out the entire book, though, because it was a one time thing and is never used again for the rest of the novel.

51.Do you ever use the term “mana” in your novel?


52.Do you ever use the term “plate mail” in your novel?


53.Heaven help you, do you ever use the term “hit points” in your novel?

Why in the world would I ever — and I mean EVER — use “hit points” in a novel that has nothing to do with video games?

In case that wasn’t clear enough, the answer is no.

54.Do you not realize how much gold actually weighs?

It’s pretty heavy. Ingots are 25 pounds. Don’t see what this has to do with my novel, though, considering gold is never used.

55.Do you think horses can gallop all day long without rest?


56.Does anybody in your novel fight for two hours straight in full plate armor, then ride a horse for four hours, then delicately make love to a willing barmaid all in the same day?


57.Does your main character have a magic axe, hammer, spear, or other weapon that returns to him when he throws it?

This isn’t Thor fanfiction, so no.

58.Does anybody in your novel ever stab anybody with a scimitar?

No one even uses a scimitar, so no.

59.Does anybody in your novel stab anybody straight through plate armor?


60.Do you think swords weigh ten pounds or more? [info]

No. I imagine their weight varies depending on the kind of sword being used.

61.Does your hero fall in love with an unattainable woman, whom he later attains?

One is gay; the other already has the woman he wants. So no.

62.Does a large portion of the humor in your novel consist of puns?

Uh, no.

63.Is your hero able to withstand multiple blows from the fantasy equivalent of a ten pound sledge but is still threatened by a small woman with a dagger?

No. That would be a bit silly.

64.Do you really think it frequently takes more than one arrow in the chest to kill a man?

I have no idea how many arrows in the chest it takes to kill a man. Might be worth researching it, now that I think about it.

65.Do you not realize it takes hours to make a good stew, making it a poor choice for an “on the road” meal?

If you have a kitchen on board your ship, complete with all the necessary equipment and supplies, a stew certainly doesn’t seem like a poor choice for an “on the road” meal to me. Guess it depends on how you travel and what kind of resources you have available.

66.Do you have nomadic barbarians living on the tundra and consuming barrels and barrels of mead?


67.Do you think that “mead” is just a fancy name for “beer”?


68.Does your story involve a number of different races, each of which has exactly one country, one ruler, and one religion?

I tried to avoid it, so no.

69.Is the best organized and most numerous group of people in your world the thieves’ guild?

That would be weird, so no.

70.Does your main villain punish insignificant mistakes with death?


71.Is your story about a crack team of warriors that take along a bard who is useless in a fight, though he plays a mean lute?

A bard character might be interesting, but that’s not what the story is about, no.

72.Is “common” the official language of your world?

I do have a language called “Northern Common,” but it is only spoken by humans and even then not all of them speak it all the time. So it’s not.

73.Is the countryside in your novel littered with tombs and gravesites filled with ancient magical loot that nobody thought to steal centuries before?

There is no countryside, at least no one countryside, so no.

74.Is your book basically a rip-off of The Lord of the Rings?

I don’t recall “The Lord of the Rings” being about a ship sailing to the end of the world, so no.

75.Read that question again and answer truthfully.

I don’t recall “The Lord of the Rings” being about a ship sailing to the end of the world, so no.

Obviously, this exam in no way tells me whether my fantasy novel is good or not, but it was fun to take and has given me a few ideas for the second draft, so I don’t regret using it.

What do you think about the Fantasy Novelist’s Exam? Have you used it? Do you even want to use it? How does your novel do when compared to the exam?


Speculative fiction must be different, yet relatable

One of my favorite aspects of speculative fiction is how creative you can be with it. You can write about dragons, city-size starships, mages that shoot lightning bolts, societies where humans and elves live side-by-side, what the afterlife is like, and all sorts of other things you could never get away with in normal fiction. It’s probably the main reason I write fantasy and sci-fi.

Among speculative fiction fans is the idea that the worlds we create must always be different from what we experience here on Earth. This is doubly so if you are writing about a non-human society, which can get you burned pretty badly in some circles if you make them too human-like.

I agree that originality and creativity are very important aspects of speculative fiction. I also agree that when authors write about a non-human society, they should be careful to make it different from human society (a society of cat-people would probably structure itself differently from most human societies, although there may be some similarities).

Yet I think the desire for the alien and the different can blind us to the simple fact that all speculative fiction is written by humans. That means that anything we write reflects us, our beliefs, and our culture to some extent, even if we try to make it as alien as possible. In other words, it is impossible for us to come up with something that is totally alien.

In fact, I’d argue that making our works more alien can actually do more harm than good. In order for fiction — any fiction, regardless of genre — to work, it has to engage the reader emotionally. And in order to engage the reader emotionally, the story has to relate to the reader in some way. A story set in a world the reader cannot relate to at all will simply fail, no matter how much world-building you put into it.

I believe the reason some speculative fiction fails is because the authors made it too alien. It is difficult, if not impossible, for most people to identify with or understand something that is too different from them. While there’s nothing wrong with challenging readers’ expectations, it will not work if the reader cannot be emotionally engaged by it.

Some of the most popular speculative fiction out there — Harry Potter, Star Wars, Star Trek, The Lord of the Rings — is popular in part because it is relevant to our lives. Amidst the wizards, starships, and epic battles between good and evil, we see ideas and issues that we struggle with, both individually and collectively, which endears these works to us. We understand some of what the characters experience in those stories, even if they often go through fantastic adventures.

As speculative fiction writers, we should always make our worlds different from what our readers are used to. That’s partly what our readers expect, after all, and is part of the fun of the genre.

But we must also make them relatable in some way. If our readers cannot relate to our works even in small ways, then they will not want to read our stories. And if they don’t want to read our stories, then we have failed as writers and need to go back to the writing desk.